Defending against 1.e4

I had a call about a player who "doesn't like playing the Two Knights', so what else is there?".  This is a longer version of what I said on the 'phone...[br /]

Playing Black after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3

Classical repertoire

Defending the Italian Game with the Two Knights' Defence and the Ruy Lopez with the Classical or other variation has always seemed to me to be [a href="http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/cool-tips"]good advice[/url] (even if it isn't advice I've ever been very good at following). You can find plenty of information about these systems [a href="http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/playing-black-against-kings-pawn-o..."]elsewhere[/url] on the site. There's something wonderfully clear and crisp about playing like this.

Let me show you [span style="font-weight: bold;"]the Two Knights' at its best[/span]: in an all-action shoot-out, Black is quicker on the draw, with a bigger gun.[br /]

EG: Euwe M. - Reti R. [C56]

Petroff Defence

Well, not everybody wants to allow White to play their favourite line. Also, we might want to steer White away from playing some horrible pudding opening like Old Stodge.  The Petroff makes White think from move 2, and White will find it difficult to prove any advantage; I'm happy to [a href="http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/petroff-defence-beginners"]recommend [/url]it for players who don't really feel comfortable allowing White their favourite line.  The sharpest lines can be exciting but it has a terrible reputation for being good only for making a draw.

The Petroff at its best: White doesn't get anything out of the opening and Black takes over.

EG: John W. - Marshall F. [C42]

Philidor Defence

I mainly use this opening">http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/lessons-philidors-defence]opening as a source of examples of traps and other forcing lines in the opening. If you're confident as Black that you can avoid all these nasties, and that you can hold the position after the boring line with 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nf6 4.dxe5, then the Philidor offers a solid, flexible position with themes related to the Ruy Lopez (pawns on c3/d4/e4 facing e5/d6).  There was a fashion at one point for playing ...Qe7, ...h6, ...g5, ...Ng7 and ...O-O-O, and putting the boot in on the King's-side.  The most recent ideas for White include moving the g-pawn: either to g3, idea Bg2 to hold the centre, or to g4, as a gambit.

The Philidor at its best: White makes all the early gestures, but Black quietly unwinds and swamps White's position.

EG: Morris P. - Hodgson J. [C41] [/a]

Playing Black after 1.e4 (half-open defences)

Scandinavian Defence

If you want an open game as Black, it's hard to beat the Scandinavian">http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/playing-1d4-juniors]Scandinavian[/.... White is struggling to prove an advantage, and Black has an attractive choice of a solid system where your pieces come to natural squares (2...Qxd5) or some fiesty gambit lines (2...Nf6 and 3...e6).

The Scandinavian at its best: one where Black takes over the light squares, and one where White is tempted to accept a gambit.

EG: Hjartarson J. - Hansen C. [B01]

EG: Thirion M. - Berend F. [B01]

French Defence

The French is very hard to attack yet still offers Black some active play. You have to suffer a little as Black, and in the French you suffer with a bad Bishop, but if you learn how to deal with that, the French can provide you with years of confident play and many wins.  I think once you know you can handle open games, the French is a very practical defence for juniors">http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/french-defence-beginners-i-key-ide... and club">http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/french-defence-beginners-ii-key-va... players.

EG: Spassky B. - Kortchnoi V. [C18] [/url]

The French at its best: a solid start, an unbalanced middle and a crushing finish.

Caro-Kann Defence

The Caro-Kann improves on the French by not blocking in the Bishop, but you have to work harder to get counterplay. I think of it as being perhaps as solid as the French without being as interesting (it is notorious for draws), but if White knows their stuff the play can be as sharp as anything else in chess.

The Caro-Kann at its best: White's initiative is deftly suffocated and Black finds enough in the endgame.

EG: Calvo - Anderssen [B15] [/url]

Alekhin Defence

This is a [a href="http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/hypermodern-approach"]new (hypermodern) idea[/url]: Black tempts the White pawns forward so they can be more easily attacked! You have to be careful not to get squashed, but if you do get the White centre to fall over, you have the same satisfaction as watching one of those big industrial brick chimneys come down...

The Alekhin at its best: White charges into the centre and declares "King of the Hill", but Black soon has a share of the centre and a better Bishop for the endgame.

EG: Garbett P. - Baburin A. [B03]

Pirc and Modern Defences

These flexible defences share some of the ideas of the Alekhin, without allowing White to chase you around so much. [a href="http://exeterchessclub.org.uk/content/ideas-behind-modern-defence"]The play[/url] is complex and subtle, and, to my mind, too hard for most junior and club players.  (Again, that's advice I'm better giving than taking!)

The Pirc at its best: White's attack never happens, the centre gets bogged down and Black comes at the White King around the sides.

EG: Kovacevic V. - Seirawan Y. [B07]

Nimzowitsch Defence

This defence is law to itself: not rubbish at all and gives you a chance to play chess and not theory.  Larsen tried it many times over his career and Miles made a living out of it in his last years.

The Nimzo at its best: original piece and pawn play in the opening leads to an old-fashioned attack down the f-file and then a winning endgame.

EG: Lima D. - Miles A. [B00]

Owen's Defence

This logical defence has never been completely convincing; Black doesn't get the counterplay and White can usually sit on a comfortable edge with e4/d4/Bd3/Nf3/c3/Qe2...  There are a few maverick spirits (the late Tony Miles again) who play it, but any interest in the opening tends to lead to White coming up with an even more secure way to squash Black's play.  At club level it's probably playable (I seem to recall playing it myself), but it's at its best when White has a rush of blood to the head and tries to attack too early or grab more space than they can hold.  If White is content to seek a smaller advantage it's probably easier to do that against Owen's Defence than any other.

The Owen's at its best: White is forced to defend the centre and the attack never comes.

EG: Celestino G. - Larsen B. [B00]

St.George's Defence

The improved Owen's defence... Black takes an extra move to adopt a more harmonious system of development (in particular, holding back White's c-pawn in case of e4-e5, Nf6-d5) but these systems have never been popular at master level for the same reasons as Owen's Defence.  But they didn't half sit up when Miles beat Karpov with it...

The St.George's at its best: White's centre is surrounded.

EG: Malysheva P. - Paschall W. [B00]

Borg Defence / Basmania

Perhaps only Mike Basman can make this sort of thing work... No, that's not fair: like all openings, it's only as good as the ideas you bring to it, but if you have more and better ideas than your opponent, then it's going to work for you.  I guess it's an 'improved' Modern Defence, where munching on the long diagonal is combined with holding back White's f-pawn and so better control of e5.

The Borg at its best: in the murk, Black sees more clearly. It all turns Sicilian on White when he has to face minority attacks on both sides of the board.

EG: Whiteley A. - Basman M. [A40]

Click on [...] to see games list.


[Event "Amsterdam"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1920.??.??"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Euwe, Max"]
[Black "Reti, Richard"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C56"]
[PlyCount "44"]
[EventDate "1920.??.??"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O Nxe4 6. Re1 d5 7. Bxd5 Qxd5 8.
Nc3 Qa5 9. Nxd4 Nxd4 10. Qxd4 f5 11. Bg5 Qc5 12. Qd8+ Kf7 13. Nxe4 fxe4 14.
Rad1 Bd6 15. Qxh8 Qxg5 16. f4 Qh4 17. Rxe4 Bh3 18. Qxa8 Bc5+ 19. Kh1 Bxg2+ 20.
Kxg2 Qg4+ 21. Kf1 Qf3+ 22. Ke1 Qf2# 0-1

[Event "Hamburg"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1910.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "John, W."]
[Black "Marshall, F."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C42"]
[PlyCount "40"]
[EventDate "1910.??.??"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Nxe5 d6 4. Nf3 Nxe4 5. d4 d5 6. Bd3 Bd6 7. O-O Bg4 8. c4
O-O 9. c5 Be7 10. h3 Bxf3 11. gxf3 {11.Qf3 Nc6! 12.Be4 de 13.Qe4 Qd4 -+} 11...
Ng5 12. f4 Ne6 13. Bf5 Nc6 14. Be3 Bf6 15. Bxe6 fxe6 16. Qd3 $2 16... Bxd4 $1
17. Bxd4 Rxf4 18. Bc3 (18. Be3 18... Rf6 $1 $19 {Nimzowitsch} (18... Ne5 $1 $19
{ 19...Qd8-g5+, ...Qg5-h5  - Tarrasch})) 18... d4 19. Bd2 Ne5 20. Qg3 Nf3+ 0-1

[Event "Dublin Telecom"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1991.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Morris, P."]
[Black "Hodgson, J."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C41"]
[WhiteElo "2405"]
[BlackElo "2545"]
[PlyCount "66"]
[EventDate "1991.??.??"]

1. e4 d6 2. d4 Nf6 3. Nc3 Nbd7 4. Nf3 e5 5. g3 Be7 6. Bg2 O-O 7. O-O Re8 8. h3
Bf8 9. b3 g6 10. Bb2 exd4 11. Nxd4 Bg7 12. Qd2 c6 13. a4 a5 14. Kh2 Qb6 15.
Rad1 Nc5 16. Rfe1 Bd7 17. Ba3 Rad8 18. f4 Bc8 19. Qf2 Ne6 20. Nce2 h5 21. Kg1
Nxe4 22. Bxe4 Nxd4 23. Nxd4 d5 24. Nxc6 Qxf2+ 25. Kxf2 bxc6 26. Bg2 Bf5 27. c4
Rxe1 28. Rxe1 Bd4+ 29. Ke2 dxc4 30. bxc4 Re8+ 31. Kd1 Bc2+ 32. Kxc2 Rxe1 33.
Bxc6 Re3 0-1

[Event "Reykjavik zt"]
[Site "Reykjavik"]
[Date "1995.??.??"]
[Round "9"]
[White "Hjartarson, Johann"]
[Black "Hansen, Curt"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B01"]
[WhiteElo "2590"]
[BlackElo "2630"]
[PlyCount "86"]
[EventDate "1995.03.??"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "2004.01.01"]

1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qa5 4. d4 Nf6 5. Nf3 Bf5 6. Bc4 e6 7. Bd2 c6 8.
Qe2 Bb4 9. O-O-O Nbd7 10. Kb1 Nb6 11. Bb3 Bxc3 12. Bxc3 Qb5 13. Qxb5 cxb5 14.
Ne5 a5 15. a3 Be4 16. Rhe1 O-O 17. f3 Bd5 18. Bxd5 Nfxd5 19. Bd2 Nc4 20. Bc1
Rfc8 21. f4 b4 22. Nxc4 Rxc4 23. Rd3 bxa3 24. Rxa3 b5 25. f5 b4 26. Rd3 exf5
27. Re5 Rd8 28. Rxf5 a4 29. Bd2 f6 30. h3 Kf7 31. g4 g6 32. Rff3 Re8 33. c3 Re2
34. cxb4 Nxb4 35. Rc3 Rxd4 36. Rc7+ Ke6 37. Bc1 Rd1 38. Rcc3 Red2 39. Rf4 Nd3
40. Rc6+ Kd5 41. Rfxf6 Rxb2+ 42. Ka1 Rb5 43. Rfd6+ Ke5 0-1

[Event "Belgrade"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1977.??.??"]
[Round "2"]
[White "Spassky, Boris"]
[Black "Kortchnoi, Victor"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C18"]
[PlyCount "80"]
[EventDate "1977.??.??"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e5 c5 5. a3 Bxc3+ 6. bxc3 Ne7 7. Qg4 cxd4 8.
Qxg7 Rg8 9. Qxh7 Qc7 10. Ne2 Nbc6 11. f4 Bd7 12. Qd3 dxc3 13. Be3 d4 14. Bf2
O-O-O 15. Nxd4 Nxd4 16. Qxd4 b6 17. Bh4 Bb5 18. Qe4 Bxf1 19. Rxf1 Rd5 20. Bxe7
Qxe7 21. Rf3 Kb8 22. Kf1 Rd2 23. Rf2 Rgd8 24. Qf3 Rxf2+ 25. Kxf2 Rd2+ 26. Kg3
Qd8 27. Qe4 Qg8+ 28. Kh3 Qh8+ 29. Kg3 Qg7+ 30. Kh3 Rd8 31. g4 Rh8+ 32. Kg3 Qh6
33. Qg2 Qh4+ 34. Kf3 Rd8 35. Qg3 Qe7 36. g5 Rd2 37. Kg4 Qb7 38. Qxc3 Rg2+ 39.
Kh3 Rf2 40. Kg4 Qe4 0-1

[Event "endgame technique"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1977.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Calvo"]
[Black "Anderssen"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B15"]
[PlyCount "148"]
[EventDate "1977.??.??"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nf6 5. Nxf6+ exf6 6. Bc4 Qe7+ 7. Qe2 Bg4
8. Qxe7+ Bxe7 9. Bd2 O-O 10. Ne2 Nd7 11. O-O Nb6 12. Bd3 12... Rfd8 {By this st
age Andersson had used up 1 1/2 hours on his clock, obviously trying very hard
to find the most accurate moves, and already he is getting some pressure down
the Queen's file. Calvo, on the other hand, was playing quickly and looking
rather bored.} 13. Rfe1 Bf8 14. c3 c5 15. Be3 Nd5 16. Ng3 Rac8 17. Be4 17...
Nxe3 $5 18. fxe3 b5 19. d5 $5 19... Bd7 20. Bc2 c4 21. e4 Re8 22. Rf1 Re5 23.
Rad1 Bc5+ 24. Kh1 Kf8 25. h3 Rce8 26. b4 Bd6 27. Rf3 {else ...f5 /\ ...Re3}
27... h5 28. Rdf1 Ke7 29. Ne2 a5 30. a3 Ra8 31. Nd4 Kd8 32. Rg3 Bf8 33. Nf3
33... Re8 34. e5 $5 34... fxe5 35. Ng5 f6 36. Nh7 axb4 37. axb4 37... Ra2 $1
38. Bg6 h4 39. Bxe8 (39. Rgf3 Bd6 40. Bxe8 Bxe8 41. Re1 Ke7 42. Rf5 Bg6 43. Rf4
) 39... Kxe8 40. Rg6 40... Kf7 41. Nxf6 (41. Nxf8 Kxf8 42. Rg5 Kg8 43. Rh5
43... Rd2 $44) 41... Kxg6 42. Nxd7 Bd6 43. Nc5 Rd2 44. Ne4 44... Rxd5 45. Kg1
Be7 46. Kf2 Kf5 47. Ke3+ Ke6 48. Ke2 Rd3 49. Rf3 {
Black cannot exchange Rooks now because the Knight is immovable.} 49... Rd8 50.
Rf1 Ra8 51. Rd1 Ra3 52. Rb1 Kf5 53. Ke3 53... Rb3 54. Rf1+ Ke6 55. Kf2 g6 56.
Re1 Kf5 57. Re2 Ra3 58. g3 Ra1 59. Kf3 Rf1+ 60. Kg2 Rd1 61. g4+ 61... Ke6 {
Black must have it in mind to dislodge the Knight by ...Rf4 and ... Kd5. The
White King may come to e3 but then Black also has threats against the h-pawn
and can drop the Bishop to f8 and then play up to h6 with check, nudging the
King on.} 62. Rd2 $2 {Sheer impatience, this looks like. "No doubt White could
have defended slightly more accurately during the last few moves, but in a
position like this he is bound to go wrong sooner or later, regardless of
whether it was drawn theoretically." -- WEBB} 62... Rxd2+ 63. Nxd2 Kd5 64. Kf3
64... Bxb4 65. cxb4 c3 66. Nb3 Kc4 67. Nc1 Kxb4 68. Ke2 Ka3 69. Kd1 Kb2 70.
Nd3+ Kb1 71. Nb4 e4 72. Nc2 e3 73. Nd4 (73. Nxe3 b4 74. Nc2 74... b3 $19) 73...
b4 74. g5 74... Kb2 {Zugzwang} 0-1


[Event "37th Olympiad"]
[Site "Turin ITA"]
[Date "2006.05.31"]
[Round "10"]
[White "Garbett, P."]
[Black "Baburin, A."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B05"]
[WhiteElo "2345"]
[BlackElo "2519"]
[PlyCount "94"]
[EventDate "2006.05.21"]

1. e4 Nf6 2. e5 Nd5 3. d4 d6 4. c4 Nb6 5. exd6 exd6 6. Nf3 Be7 7. Be2 O-O 8.
O-O Nc6 9. Nc3 Bg4 10. h3 Bxf3 11. Bxf3 Bf6 12. Bxc6 bxc6 13. Qd3 Re8 14. Be3
d5 15. cxd5 cxd5 16. Bf4 c6 17. Rfe1 Rxe1+ 18. Rxe1 Nd7 19. b3 Qb6 20. Be3 Re8
21. Rc1 g6 22. Na4 Qb7 23. Qc3 Re6 24. Qa5 h5 25. b4 Kg7 26. Rb1 a6 27. Rb3 Qb5
28. Qxb5 axb5 29. Nc5 Nxc5 30. bxc5 Re4 31. Rd3 g5 32. Kf1 g4 33. hxg4 hxg4 34.
Ke2 Kg6 35. Kd2 Bg5 36. Kc3 f5 37. Bxg5 Kxg5 38. g3 f4 39. gxf4+ Kxf4 40. Kb4
Re2 41. Ka5 Rxa2+ 42. Kb6 Rxf2 43. Kxc6 g3 44. Rxg3 Kxg3 45. Kxd5 Kf4 46. c6
Rc2 47. Kd6 b4 0-1

[Event "Wijk aan Zee"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1980.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Kovacevic, Vlatko"]
[Black "Seirawan, Yasser"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B07"]
[PlyCount "70"]
[EventDate "1980.??.??"]

1. d4 g6 2. e4 d6 3. Nc3 Bg7 4. Be2 Nf6 5. g4 c6 6. g5 Nfd7 7. h4 b5 8. h5 Rg8
9. hxg6 hxg6 10. Nf3 b4 11. Nb1 a5 12. a4 c5 13. d5 Nb6 14. c4 Kd7 15. Nbd2 Rh8
16. Rg1 Kc7 17. Rb1 Rh3 18. b3 Qh8 19. Nf1 N8d7 20. Bf4 Ne5 21. Nxe5 Bxe5 22.
Bxe5 Qxe5 23. f3 Bd7 24. Qc2 Qd4 25. Rg2 Rh1 26. Rf2 Qh8 27. f4 Qh4 28. Rd1 f6
29. gxf6 exf6 30. e5 fxe5 31. fxe5 Rf8 32. exd6+ Kb7 33. Bd3 Re8+ 34. Be2 Rxf1+
35. Kxf1 Qh1# 0-1

[Event "Mar del Plata"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1995.??.??"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Celestino, Guillermo"]
[Black "Larsen, Bent"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B00"]
[PlyCount "46"]
[EventDate "1995.??.??"]

1. d4 e6 2. e4 b6 3. Nc3 Bb7 4. Nf3 Bb4 5. Bd3 Bxc3+ 6. bxc3 d6 7. O-O Ne7 8.
Qe2 Nd7 9. Ne1 c5 10. f4 Qc7 11. f5 exf5 12. exf5 Nf6 13. Nf3 O-O-O 14. dxc5
dxc5 15. Ne5 Ned5 16. c4 Nc3 17. Qe1 Nce4 18. Bf4 Rhe8 19. Ng4 Qe7 20. Nf2 Rd4
21. Nxe4 Nxe4 22. a4 Qd7 23. Qb1 Nc3 0-1

[Event "Capablanca mem Elite 30th"]
[Site "Matanzas"]
[Date "1995.??.??"]
[Round "8"]
[White "Lima, Darcy"]
[Black "Miles, Anthony J"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B00"]
[WhiteElo "2505"]
[BlackElo "2615"]
[PlyCount "82"]
[EventDate "1995.05.??"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "2004.01.01"]

1. e4 Nc6 2. Nc3 e6 3. Nf3 Bb4 4. a3 Bxc3 5. dxc3 d6 6. g3 Nge7 7. Bg2 O-O 8.
O-O e5 9. c4 f5 10. exf5 Bxf5 11. Ng5 Qd7 12. Be3 h6 13. Ne4 Bh3 14. Qd3 Rf7
15. b4 Bxg2 16. Kxg2 Nf5 17. c3 Raf8 18. f3 Kh8 19. Rf2 b6 20. Raf1 Nce7 21.
Bc1 Ng6 22. Kg1 Nfe7 23. h4 Re8 24. h5 Nf8 25. f4 exf4 26. Bxf4 Ng8 27. Nd2 Nh7
28. c5 dxc5 29. Qxd7 Rxd7 30. bxc5 Nhf6 31. c6 Rde7 32. Rh2 Re6 33. Nf3 Rxc6
34. Rc1 Rc5 35. Nd4 Nxh5 36. Bxc7 Rxc7 37. Rxh5 Re3 38. Kf2 Rexc3 39. Rxc3 Rxc3
40. Nb5 Rc2+ 41. Kf1 a6 0-1


[Event "Lloyds Bank op 06th"]
[Site "London"]
[Date "1982.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Whiteley, Andrew J"]
[Black "Basman, Michael J"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B00"]
[PlyCount "114"]
[EventDate "1982.08.??"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "2002.11.25"]

1. d4 h6 2. e4 g5 3. Bd3 Bg7 4. Ne2 c5 5. dxc5 Qa5+ 6. Nbc3 Qxc5 7. O-O Nc6 8.
Be3 Qa5 9. Bc4 Nf6 10. f3 d6 11. Qd2 Bd7 12. h3 Rc8 13. Bb3 Ne5 14. Nd4 Ng6 15.
Rad1 Nh5 16. Nde2 Be5 17. Bd4 Nhf4 18. Nxf4 Nxf4 19. Bxe5 Qxe5 20. Rfe1 Be6 21.
Bxe6 fxe6 22. Kh1 O-O 23. Qd4 Qxd4 24. Rxd4 Rc5 25. Kh2 Rfc8 26. Rd2 Kf7 27.
Rc1 b5 28. a3 a5 29. Nd1 Ng6 30. Ne3 Ne5 31. Re1 b4 32. axb4 axb4 33. Ree2 Ra8
34. Rd4 Nc6 35. Rc4 Rxc4 36. Nxc4 Ra2 37. Rd2 Kf6 38. b3 h5 39. Kg3 Ne5 40.
Nxe5 Kxe5 41. Kf2 h4 42. Ke3 Ra1 43. Kd3 Kf4 44. Re2 Rb1 45. Kc4 Kg3 46. Kxb4
Rg1 47. e5 Rxg2 48. exd6 exd6 49. Rxe6 Kxh3 50. Rxd6 Kg3 51. f4 Kxf4 52. c4 h3
53. c5 h2 54. Rh6 g4 55. c6 Rc2 56. c7 Kg3 57. Rh7 Rxc7 0-1

[Event "American Continental"]
[Site "Buenos Aires ARG"]
[Date "2005.08.09"]
[Round "4"]
[White "Critelli, J."]
[Black "Lucena, L."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B00"]
[WhiteElo "2318"]
[BlackElo "2184"]
[PlyCount "64"]
[EventDate "2005.08.06"]

1. e4 a6 2. d4 b5 3. Nf3 Bb7 4. Bd3 e6 5. a4 c6 6. O-O d6 7. b3 Nf6 8. c4 b4 9.
Qe2 Qc7 10. Bf4 Nbd7 11. e5 Nh5 12. Bc1 dxe5 13. Nxe5 Nxe5 14. dxe5 g6 15. Qe3
O-O-O 16. Bc2 Ng7 17. Bb2 Nf5 18. Bxf5 gxf5 19. Nd2 c5 20. Rfd1 Rg8 21. f3 Qc6
22. Rf1 Be7 23. Rad1 h5 24. Rf2 Bh4 25. Rff1 Bg5 26. Qe2 Bf4 27. Rf2 Qc7 28.
Qe1 Rd3 29. Re2 Qd7 30. Qf2 Qc6 31. Qh4 Bxd2 32. Qxh5 Be3+ 0-1

[Event "FSGM September"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "2004.??.??"]
[Round "12"]
[White "Malysheva, P."]
[Black "Paschall, W."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B00"]
[WhiteElo "2360"]
[BlackElo "2385"]
[PlyCount "68"]
[EventDate "2004.??.??"]

1. e4 a6 2. d4 b5 3. Nf3 Bb7 4. Bd3 e6 5. O-O c5 6. c3 Nf6 7. Qe2 Be7 8. Nbd2
cxd4 9. cxd4 Nc6 10. Rd1 Rc8 11. Nf1 Nb4 12. Bb1 Qc7 13. Ne1 Qc4 14. Qe3 Ng4
15. Qd2 Nc6 16. Nf3 Nb4 17. Qf4 h5 18. Be3 f6 19. a3 g5 20. Qg3 Qb3 21. Rd2
Nxe3 22. fxe3 Nc2 23. Bxc2 Rxc2 24. Qb8+ Bc8 25. d5 e5 26. d6 Bd8 27. Rxc2 Qxc2
28. Ng3 O-O 29. Nf5 Re8 30. Qa8 Qc6 31. Qxc6 dxc6 32. Rc1 Bd7 33. b4 Bb6 34.
Ne7+ Rxe7 0-1

[Event "Eupen"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1995.??.??"]
[Round "3"]
[White "Thirion, M."]
[Black "Berend, Fred"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B01"]
[PlyCount "38"]
[EventDate "1995.??.??"]

1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Nf6 3. c4 e6 4. dxe6 Bxe6 5. d4 Bb4+ 6. Nc3 Ne4 7. Qd3 Bf5 8.
Qe3 O-O 9. Nge2 Re8 10. Qf3 Nxc3 11. bxc3 Qxd4 12. Bd2 Qe5 13. Qe3 Bc5 14. Qxe5
Rxe5 15. Bf4 Re7 16. O-O-O Ba3+ 17. Kd2 Na6 18. Nd4 Rd8 19. Re1 Rxd4+ 0-1

[Event "Lloyds Bank op 05th"]
[Site "London"]
[Date "1981.08.29"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Arnason, Jon L"]
[Black "Keene, Raymond"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B06"]
[WhiteElo "2440"]
[BlackElo "2475"]
[PlyCount "68"]
[EventDate "1981.08.??"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "1999.11.16"]

1. e4 g6 2. d4 Bg7 3. Nc3 d6 4. f4 Nc6 5. Be3 Nf6 6. h3 O-O 7. g4 e5 8. dxe5
dxe5 9. f5 gxf5 10. exf5 Nd4 11. Bg2 Qe7 12. Qd2 (12. g5 $2 12... Bxf5 $1)
12... Rd8 13. Qf2 h6 14. O-O-O c5 15. Nge2 a5 16. Ng3 a4 17. g5 hxg5 18. Bxg5
a3 19. Nd5 axb2+ 20. Kb1 20... Rxd5 $1 21. Bxf6 Qxf6 22. Bxd5 Qa6 23. c3 c4 24.
Qxb2 Nxf5 25. Nxf5 $2 25... Bxf5+ 26. Ka1 26... e4 $1 27. Rhg1 $1 27... Bg6 28.
Rg4 $2 28... e3 $1 29. Rxc4 Re8 30. Qxb7 30... e2 $1 31. Re1 31... Qxc4 $3 32.
Bxc4 Bxc3+ 33. Qb2 33... Bxe1 $1 34. Bxe2 34... Bg3 $1 0-1

[Event "Malaga"]
[Site "Malaga"]
[Date "1971.??.??"]
[Round "13"]
[White "Ljubojevic, Ljubomir"]
[Black "Timman, Jan H"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B06"]
[PlyCount "48"]
[EventDate "1971.??.??"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "1998.11.10"]

1. e4 g6 2. d4 Bg7 3. c3 d6 4. f4 Nf6 5. e5 dxe5 6. fxe5 Nd5 7. Nf3 O-O 8. Bc4
c5 9. dxc5 Be6 10. Qd4 Nc6 11. Qe4 Na5 12. Be2 Qc7 13. Qh4 Nc6 14. Bh6 Nxe5 15.
Bxg7 Kxg7 16. Qd4 f6 17. O-O Rad8 18. Na3 Ng4 19. Nb5 Qb8 20. Qa4 Nf4 21. Rae1
Rd2 22. g3 Nxe2+ 23. Rxe2 Rxe2 24. Nbd4 Nxh2 0-1

[Event "Wichern op 3rd"]
[Site "Hamburg"]
[Date "1995.??.??"]
[Round "3"]
[White "Leiser, Sven"]
[Black "Davies, Nigel R"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B07"]
[WhiteElo "2300"]
[BlackElo "2505"]
[PlyCount "42"]
[EventDate "1995.09.??"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "1996.11.15"]

1. Nc3 g6 2. h4 Nf6 3. e4 d6 4. h5 Nxh5 5. Rxh5 gxh5 6. Qxh5 e6 7. d4 Qf6 8.
Nf3 Qg6 9. Qh2 Bd7 10. Bf4 Nc6 11. O-O-O O-O-O 12. Bd3 Rg8 13. Nh4 Qg7 14. e5
dxe5 15. dxe5 Be7 16. Nf3 Nb4 17. Be4 Bc6 18. Rxd8+ Rxd8 19. Bxc6 Nxc6 20. Ne4
Qg6 21. Nfd2 Rxd2 0-1


[Event "Lyon op"]
[Site "Lyon"]
[Date "1990.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Minasian, Artashes"]
[Black "Davies, Nigel R"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "B06"]
[WhiteElo "2480"]
[BlackElo "2475"]
[PlyCount "45"]
[EventDate "1990.12.??"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "1996.11.15"]

1. e4 g6 2. d4 Bg7 3. Nc3 d6 4. Bg5 Nc6 5. d5 Ne5 6. f4 Nd7 7. Nf3 c6 8. Qd2
cxd5 9. exd5 Ngf6 10. O-O-O Nc5 11. Nd4 Nfe4 12. Nxe4 Nxe4 13. Qe3 Nxg5 14.
fxg5 O-O 15. Bc4 Bd7 16. h4 b5 17. Be2 Rc8 18. h5 Rc5 19. hxg6 hxg6 20. Qe4 Qc7
21. Bd3 Rc8 22. Rdf1 Rc4 23. Rxf7 1-0

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179