Openings juniors should know

1. The first system to learn and play for both sides
2. Another system to learn and play against 1.e4
3. One system to play against 1.d4
4. Six openings for White with 1.e4 (and therefore six openings you need to defend against as Black)
5. One defence you can try as Black after 1.e4
6. Eight other Black defences you will meet as White after 1.e4
7. Six other systems you will meet as Black after 1.e4 e5

Lesson 1. The first system to learn and play for both sides

 
Italian Game (Giuoco Piano) with c3
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bc4 Bc5
4. c3

 

r-bqk-nr
pppp-ppp
--n-----
--b-p---
--B-P---
--P--N--
PP-P-PPP
RNBQK--R

Lesson 2. Another system to learn and play against 1.e4

 
Two Knights' Defence
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bc4 Nf6

 

r-bqkb-r
pppp-ppp
--n--n--
----p---
--B-P---
-----N--
PPPP-PPP
RNBQK--R

Lesson 3. One system to play against 1.d4

 
Swiss Defence
 
1. d4 d5
2. c4 e6
3. Nc3 Nf6
4. Bg5 Be7
5. e3 O-O
6. Nf3 Nbd7
7. Rc1 a6

 

r-bq-rk-
-ppnbppp
p---pn--
---p--B-
--PP----
--N-PN--
PP---PPP
--RQKB-R

Lesson 4. Six openings for White with 1.e4

(and therefore six openings you need to defend against as Black)
 
Italian Game (Giuoco Piano) with c3
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bc4 Bc5
4. c3

 

r-bqk-nr
pppp-ppp
--n-----
--b-p---
--B-P---
--P--N--
PP-P-PPP
RNBQK--R

 
Evans' Gambit
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bc4 Bc5
4. b4

 

r-bqk-nr
pppp-ppp
--n-----
--b-p---
-PB-P---
-----N--
P-PP-PPP
RNBQK--R

 
Ruy Lopez (Spanish Game)
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5

 

r-bqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--n-----
-B--p---
----P---
-----N--
PPPP-PPP
RNBQK--R

 
Scotch Game
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. d4

 

r-bqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--n-----
----p---
---PP---
-----N--
PPP--PPP
RNBQKB-R

 
Scotch Gambit
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. d4 exd4
4. Bc4

 

r-bqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--n-----
--------
--BpP---
-----N--
PPP--PPP
RNBQK--R

 
King's Gambit
 
1. e4 e5
2. f4

 

rnbqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--------
----p---
----PP--
--------
PPPP--PP
RNBQKBNR

Lesson 5. One defence you can try as Black after 1.e4


 
French Defence
 
1. e4 e6
 

rnbqkbnr
pppp-ppp
----p---
--------
----P---
--------
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKBNR

Lesson 6. Eight other Black defences you will meet as White after 1.e4

 
Petroff Defence (Russian Game)
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nf6

 

rnbqkb-r
pppp-ppp
-----n--
----p---
----P---
-----N--
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKB-R

 
Philidor's Defence
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 d6

 

rnbqkbnr
ppp--ppp
---p----
----p---
----P---
-----N--
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKB-R

 
French Defence
 
1. e4 e6
 

rnbqkbnr
pppp-ppp
----p---
--------
----P---
--------
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKBNR

 
Sicilian Defence
 
1. e4 c5
 

rnbqkbnr
pp-ppppp
--------
--p-----
----P---
--------
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKBNR

 
Caro-Kann Defence
 
1. e4 c6
 

rnbqkbnr
pp-ppppp
--p-----
--------
----P---
--------
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKBNR

 
Scandinavian Defence (Centre Counter)
 
1. e4 d5
 

rnbqkbnr
ppp-pppp
--------
---p----
----P---
--------
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKBNR

 
Alekhin's Defence
 
1. e4 Nf6
 

rnbqkb-r
pppppppp
-----n--
--------
----P---
--------
PPPP-PPP
RNBQKBNR

 
Pirc Defence&Modern Defence
 
1. e4 d6
2. d4 Nf6
3. Nc3 g6

1. e4 g6
 

rnbqkb-r
ppp-pp-p
---p-np-
--------
---PP---
--N-----
PPP--PPP
R-BQKBNR

Lesson 7. Eight other systems you will meet as Black after 1.e4 e5

 
Four Knight's Game
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Nc3 Nf6
4. Bb5

 

r-bqkb-r
pppp-ppp
--n--n--
-B--p---
----P---
--N--N--
PPPP-PPP
R-BQK--R

 
Scotch Four Knight's Game
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Nc3 Nf6
4. d4

 

r-bqkb-r
pppp-ppp
--n--n--
----p---
---PP---
--N--N--
PPP--PPP
R-BQKB-R

 
Ponziani Opening
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. c3

 

r-bqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--n-----
----p---
----P---
--P--N--
PP-P-PPP
RNBQKB-R

 
Vienna Game
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nc3 Nf6
3. Bc4

 

rnbqkb-r
pppp-ppp
-----n--
----p---
--B-P---
--N-----
PPPP-PPP
R-BQK-NR

 
Vienna Gambit
 
1. e4 e5
2. Nc3 Nf6
3. f4

 

rnbqkb-r
pppp-ppp
-----n--
----p---
----PP--
--N-----
PPPP--PP
R-BQKBNR

 
Centre Game
 
1. e4 e5
2. d4 exd4
3. Qxd4

 

rnbqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--------
--------
---QP---
--------
PPP--PPP
RNB-KBNR

 
Danish Gambit
 
1. e4 e5
2. d4 exd4
3. c3

 

rnbqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--------
--------
---pP---
--P-----
PP---PPP
RNBQKBNR

 
 
Bishop's Opening
 
1. e4 e5
2. Bc4

 

rnbqkbnr
pppp-ppp
--------
----p---
--B-P---
--------
PPPP-PPP
RNBQK-NR

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