- closed or at least stable centre
- King's-side attack based on stereotyped attacking plan
- attack based not so much on domination of space and time but on lack of opponent's counterplay.
- Stonewall Attack and Stonewall Variation of the Dutch Defence
- Ruy Lopez, Andersson-Steinitz variation
- Ruy Lopez, Delayed Exchange Variation
- Closed Sicilian
- Grand Prix Attack against the Sicilian
- King's Indian Defence and King's Indian Attack
As an attacker, the idea is to keep moving pieces up to the King's-side until you checkmate your opponent. The reason these often work so well in club play is that the defending side will often play sensible-looking solid moves until is is far to late to stop the defences collapsing. A much more vigorous approach is required in defence.
So, as defender, you must do at least one of the following:
- arrange a powerful counterattack against the opponent's King (as in the Sicilian Dragon)
- arrange a powerful counterattack against the opponent's Queen's-side (as in the Closed Sicilian and King's Indian Attack against the French Defence)
- arrange an explosion in the centre (often in the Sicilian and London System)
- avoid committing your King to the side where it may be attacked
As you see from the links above, you can find examples of these clockwork attacks throughout the Openings handouts, but the examples here should give you the idea:
14. a4 g5 15. a5 Rf6 16. bxc5 bxc5 17. Nb3 Rg6 18. Bd2 Nf6 19. Kh1 g4 20. fxg4 Nxg4 21. Rf3 Rh6
It is easy to understand the appeal of the King's Indian after such a game.
Black has adopted a more modest central posture than White does in the King's Indian Defence
the central pawn structure is more fluid
Black has gone hard on the Queen's-side and is starting to make real gains; so, White must pause for a defensive move. White's next was seen as innovative at the time:
13. a3! bxa3 14. bxa3 Na5
[14... Nd4 15. Ne3 Ba6 16. c4 dxc4
[Fritz gives 16... Nb3 17. cxd5 Nxa1 18. Qxa1 exd5 19. Nxd5 Bxd3 20. e6 Nf6 21. Nxe7+ Qxe7 22. Ne5 Bg6 23. Nc6 Qb7 24. Bd6]
15. Ne3 Ba6 16. Bh3 d4
17. Nf1 Nb6 18. Ng5 Nd5
White's Queen has access to h5, which makes Black decide to concede B for N. This leaves White with the idea of assaulting the dark squares.
19. Bd2 Bxg5 20. Bxg5 Qd7 21. Qh5 Rfc8 22. Nd2 Nc3
[23... gxf6 24. exf6 Kh8]
24. Ne4 g6 25. Qg5 Nxe4 26. Rxe4
26... c4 27. h5 cxd3 28. Rh4 Ra7 29. Bg2 dxc2 30. Qh6 Qf8 31. Qxh7+ 1-0 ...it is now.
9. b4 O-O 10. b5 Ne7 11. a4 Be6 12. Ba3 Rc8 13. Nd2 b6
14. e3 g5 15. d4 exd4 16. exd4 f4 17. Re1 Bg4 18. Nf3 Qd7 19. c5 Rce8 20. Rc1 Nf5 21. Qd3 Kh8 22. cxd6 cxd6 23. Rxe8 Qxe8 24. Rf1 Qh5
25. Ne4 Nxe4 26. Qxe4 Bh3 27. Ne5 Bxg2 28. Kxg2 g4 29. Bxd6 Rf6 30. Bb8
This is an interesting formation, kin to the Closed Sicilian. White clamps the centre shut and goes creeping up on the King's-side. Black's prospects of successful Queen-side counterplay are less than in the Closed Sicilian because of the pawn on c4. Here Black decides to slug it out toe to toe on the King's-side, but in this game White's initiative prevails.
8... Nh5 9. f4 f5