- 4.1 20 basic mates
- 4.1.1 Material advantage
- 1+2. Mating the lone king at the edge of the board with the queen
- 3 +4. Mating the lone king at the edge of the board with the rook
- 5+6. Mating the lone king at the edge of the board with other pieces
- 7+8. Mating the lone 3/4 in the middle of the board with various pieces
- 9+10. Mating the uncastled king
- 4.1.2 Mating the castled king:
- 4.1.3 Vukovic's mates [Separate document]
- 4.1.1 Material advantage
Class 1 (Elementary)
"The game is won by the player who has mated the opponent's king. This immediately ends the game" - Article 10.1 of the official laws of chess, FIDE.
1. Centralise your own K
2. Drive the king to the edge of the board using the Q, stepping in with your Q or K every time the K gives way
3. Bring up your own K, and arrange the K and Q to mate the K
N.B. Don't allow stalemate!
In practice from the diagram below, you might play:
|Training exercise for one person Try doing this sort of mate as quickly as you can from different starting positions - count how many moves you make as the attacker, and see if you can get it as low as possible. Have another go tomorrow, and next week, to see if you improve.|
2. Arrange the K and R to mate the K
So, we can go 1. Ke2, Ke4; 2 Rh4+ Kd5; 3 Ke3, Ke5; 4 Rh5+ Ke6; 5 Ke4, Kd6; 6 Re5, Kc6; 7 Kd4, Kc7; 8 Kc5, Kb7; 9 Rd7+ Kc8 (or 9...Ka6; 10 Rc7!); 10 Kc6, Kb8; 11 Rg7! Ka8; 12 Kb6, Kb8; 13 Rg8#
The variation at move 9 is interesting. Black's K might be better off where it is, but does have to move even if it means walking into a mate. This unpleasant obligation is called zugzwang. Did you get this? In the next diagram we see a similar position where White could mate in 2.
BCF Certificate of Merit
Class 2 (Intermediate)
Capablanca recommended the study of this mate, not because it comes up very often, but to show the power of the two Bishops in combination. You try with two Knights, but don't hold your breath... ;-) You should see the differences in the nature of the pieces straight away.
|COOL TIP: That probably isn't the most efficient but is easy to understand. And that's the secret of good chess - understanding. I hope you can see this pattern of driving the king back, cutting off squares, pushing it back to the edge of the board, in all these examples. Do try to repeat all these on a board yourself.|
for two people
Try doing various mates as quickly as you can from different starting positions - count how many moves one of you makes as the attacker, and see if the other can get it lower. Have another go tomorrow, and next week, to see if you both improve.
|COOL TIP: Obviously, there are loads of mates. You must develop a feel for the sorts of ways pieces work together to create checkmates.|
for one person
One way to do this is to set up one corner of a
board with a castled king's position and try and mate the king
using different combinations of pieces - Q+B, Q+N, Q+R, R+B, and so